What is HTTP



HTTP is short for “Hypertext Transfer Protocol” in English, an underlying protocol used by the World Wide Web. HTTP defines how messages are formed and transmitted and what actions web servers and browsers should take in response to various commands.

Examples of http

For example, when a URL is entered into the browser, the browser sends an HTTP command to the web server directing it to search and transmit the requested web page. The other main rule that controls the operation of the World Wide Web is HTML, which deals with how web pages are formatted and displayed.

HTTP: A Stateless Protocol

HTTP is known to be a stateless protocol, as each command is executed independently, without any knowledge of the commands prior to it. This is the main reason why it is difficult to implement Websites that react intelligently to user input. This HTTP deficiency is being addressed in a number of new technologies, including ActiveX, Java, JavaScript and cookies.

Related Terms